从 Bootstrap 2.x 版本升级到 3.0 版本

Bootstrap 3 版本并不向后兼容 v2.x 版本。下面的章节是一份从 v2.x 版本升级到 v3.0 版本的通用指南。如需查看更版本更新信息,请点击 v3.0 新增内容

主要 class 的变更

下表列举了 v2.0x 版本和 v3.0 版本之间的样式差异。

Bootstrap 2.x Bootstrap 3.0
.row-fluid .row
.span* .col-md-*
.offset* .col-md-offset-*
.brand .navbar-brand
.navbar .nav .navbar-nav
.nav-collapse .navbar-collapse
.nav-toggle .navbar-toggle
.btn-navbar .navbar-btn
.hero-unit .jumbotron
.icon-* .glyphicon .glyphicon-*
.btn .btn .btn-default
.btn-mini .btn-xs
.btn-small .btn-sm
.btn-large .btn-lg
.alert-error .alert-danger
.visible-phone .visible-xs
.visible-tablet .visible-sm
.visible-desktop Split into .visible-md .visible-lg
.hidden-phone .hidden-xs
.hidden-tablet .hidden-sm
.hidden-desktop Split into .hidden-md .hidden-lg
.input-block-level .form-control
.control-group .form-group
.control-group.warning .control-group.error .control-group.success .form-group.has-*
.checkbox.inline .radio.inline .checkbox-inline .radio-inline
.input-prepend .input-append .input-group
.add-on .input-group-addon
.img-polaroid .img-thumbnail
ul.unstyled .list-unstyled
ul.inline .list-inline
.muted .text-muted
.label .label .label-default
.label-important .label-danger
.text-error .text-danger
.table .error .table .danger
.bar .progress-bar
.bar-* .progress-bar-*
.accordion .panel-group
.accordion-group .panel .panel-default
.accordion-heading .panel-heading
.accordion-body .panel-collapse
.accordion-inner .panel-body

新增的内容

我们添加了一些新元素,并且对现有的某些元素就行了修改。下面列出的是新增或修改的样式。

Element Description
Panels .panel .panel-default .panel-body .panel-title .panel-heading .panel-footer .panel-collapse
List groups .list-group .list-group-item .list-group-item-text .list-group-item-heading
Glyphicons .glyphicon
Jumbotron .jumbotron
Extra small grid (<768px) .col-xs-*
Small grid (≥768px) .col-sm-*
Medium grid (≥992px) .col-md-*
Large grid (≥1200px) .col-lg-*
Responsive utility classes (≥1200px) .visible-lg .hidden-lg
Offsets .col-sm-offset-* .col-md-offset-* .col-lg-offset-*
Push .col-sm-push-* .col-md-push-* .col-lg-push-*
Pull .col-sm-pull-* .col-md-pull-* .col-lg-pull-*
Input height sizes .input-sm .input-lg
Input groups .input-group .input-group-addon .input-group-btn
Form controls .form-control .form-group
Button group sizes .btn-group-xs .btn-group-sm .btn-group-lg
Navbar text .navbar-text
Navbar header .navbar-header
Justified tabs / pills .nav-justified
Responsive images .img-responsive
Contextual table rows .success .danger .warning .active .info
Contextual panels .panel-success .panel-danger .panel-warning .panel-info
Modal .modal-dialog .modal-content
Thumbnail image .img-thumbnail
Well sizes .well-sm .well-lg
Alert links .alert-link

删除的内容

下面列出的元素在 v3.0 版本中被删除或改变了。

Element Removed from 2.x 3.0 Equivalent
Form actions .form-actions N/A
Search form .form-search N/A
Form group with info .control-group.info N/A
Fixed-width input sizes .input-mini .input-small .input-medium .input-large .input-xlarge .input-xxlarge Use .form-control and the grid system instead.
Block level form input .input-block-level No direct equivalent, but forms controls are similar.
Inverse buttons .btn-inverse N/A
Fluid row .row-fluid .row (no more fixed grid)
Controls wrapper .controls N/A
Controls row .controls-row .row or .form-group
Navbar inner .navbar-inner N/A
Navbar vertical dividers .navbar .divider-vertical N/A
Dropdown submenu .dropdown-submenu N/A
Tab alignments .tabs-left .tabs-right .tabs-below N/A
Pill-based tabbable area .pill-content .tab-content
Pill-based tabbable area pane .pill-pane .tab-pane
Nav lists .nav-list .nav-header No direct equivalent, but list groups and .panel-groups are similar.
Inline help for form controls .help-inline No exact equivalent, but .help-block is similar.
Non-bar-level progress colors .progress-info .progress-success .progress-warning .progress-danger Use .progress-bar-* on the .progress-bar instead.

额外注意事项

Other changes in v3.0 are not immediately apparent. Base classes, key styles, and behaviors have been adjusted for flexibility and our mobile first approach. Here's a partial list:

  • By default, text-based form controls now receive only minimal styling. For focus colors and rounded corners, apply the .form-control class on the element to style.
  • Text-based form controls with the .form-control class applied are now 100% wide by default. Wrap inputs inside <div class="col-*"></div> to control input widths.
  • .badge no longer has contextual (-success,-primary,etc..) classes.
  • .btn must also use .btn-default to get the "default" button.
  • .row is now fluid.
  • Images are no longer responsive by default. Use .img-responsive for fluid <img> size.
  • The icons, now .glyphicon, are now font based. Icons also require a base and icon class (e.g. .glyphicon .glyphicon-asterisk).
  • Typeahead has been dropped, in favor of using Twitter Typeahead.
  • Modal markup has changed significantly. The .modal-header, .modal-body, and .modal-footer sections are now wrapped in .modal-content and .modal-dialog for better mobile styling and behavior. Also, you should no longer apply .hide to .modal in your markup.
  • As of v3.1.0, the HTML loaded by the remote modal option is now injected into the .modal-content (from v3.0.0 to v3.0.3, into the .modal) instead of into the .modal-body. This allows you to also easily vary the header and footer of the modal, not just the modal body.
  • The checkbox and radio features of the button.js plugin now both use data-toggle="buttons" instead of data-toggle="buttons-checkbox" or data-toggle="buttons-radio" in their markup.
  • JavaScript events are namespaced. For example, to handle the modal "show" event, use 'show.bs.modal'. For tabs "shown" use 'shown.bs.tab', etc.

For more information on upgrading to v3.0, and code snippets from the community, see Bootply.